Home > A brief chronology

1950

The British mathematician Alan Turing publishes his article "Computing Machinery and Intelligence" and asks the question "Can machines think?"

He develops his blind test to determine who is the human or the computer (the Turing Test)

1956

The Dartmouth Conference (USA), chaired by John McCarthy sees the birth of a new research topic: endowing a machine with an intelligence similar to that of man

1966

Shakey, the first robot able to partially perceive his environment and move objects is unveiled at Stanford University in the United States.

1986

A new technology is emerging. It allows machine learning through artificial neural networks, taking into account the errors made by them.

1990

The interactions between several autonomous machines reveal intelligent collective behaviors. This is the emergence of multi-agent systems.

1997

World chess champion Garry Kasparov is defeated by IBM's Deeper Blue machine.

2011

Watson, the artificial intelligence computer program designed by IBM, wins the American game show Jeopardy.

2016

The game of go was the last game with two players, and excluding chance, which was resistant to the computer. It is the AlphaGo program developed by a team from Google, DeepMind, a British company specializing in artificial intelligence, which has beaten for the first time go champions. This program has trained itself to play thousands of games against itself to develop new strategies by itself and improve its tactics.

2017

AI Libratus beats the four best poker players in the world.